The cause of this disease, also known as diabetes, may be due to a sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, or it may be based on genetic factors. Since the insulin status is different in type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, the suitability for surgery also varies. Only type 2 diabetes patients can have the surgery. In type 1 diabetes, there is no insulin production, and in type 2 diabetes, insulin is produced but not used. For this reason, blood sugar is always at a high level, so tissue and organ damage occurs. If you wish, after this information, let’s move on to information about what type 2 diabetes is, symptoms of type 2 diabetes and the post-operative process.
What is Type 2 Diabetes Surgery?
Type 2 diabetes surgery allows the reuse of insulin, which is applied to type 2 diabetes patients and which is available but cannot be used. High blood sugar reaches normal level with surgery.
In type 2 diabetes patients, if the disease in question cannot be controlled despite trying to be treated with medication and causes tissue and organ damage in the body, surgical method should be applied. In addition, people with obesity problems due to Type 2 diabetes can also have this surgery. In the operation performed laparoscopically, half of the stomach is removed and the small intestines are changed. In this way, the pancreas stimulates the secretion of insulin and the insulin level returns to normal. The patient recovers from both type 2 diabetes and the associated obesity.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes
In general, the symptoms of Diabetes do not vary according to the types. Both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes symptoms are similar, but the rate of development varies according to the type of diabetes. Because the development is rapid in type 1 diabetes patients, the symptoms are easy to notice. In type 2 diabetes patients, on the other hand, the symptoms may occur with very low impact as the disease progresses insidiously. In general, the diagnosis of the disease is noticed as a result of the application made to the doctor on the symptoms or during the investigation of other diseases. The presence of diabetes can be proven with blood count, urine test and hormone tests. A specialist doctor can diagnose type 2 diabetes with a small physical examination.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:
- Patients are thirsty regardless of the effort. The lips and mouth are constantly dry.
- High sense of thirst also increases water consumption. Due to water consumption, the patient urinates very often. In addition, there is also the excretion of fluid from the body, regardless of water consumption.
- The imbalance in the feeling of hunger and the constant feeling of hunger are the clearest symptoms. This symptom occurs due to the vicious circle of insulin dysfunction.
- Blurring of vision occurs due to damage to the nerves and capillaries in the eye.
- Constantly high blood sugar shows that sugar cannot be used for energy. This causes the body’s energy to be low. Diabetics are usually sluggish and tired.
- In diabetic patients, tissue damage is high, and the repair of damaged tissues takes a long time. It is possible to encounter non-healing wounds on the skin surface.
- With blood sugar getting too high, the kidneys try to excrete sugar. As a result, the patient’s urine may be accompanied by a finding of sugar.
- The first damage of diabetes is the feet. Nerve cells and vessels in the foot are damaged and accordingly, sensations such as tingling, warming and itching occur.
- Patients with type 2 diabetes constantly scratch unrelated areas for no reason.
The risk of developing infections in the body increases These are the symptoms of the disease. While all symptoms can be seen, some can also be seen. This is completely related to the development process of type 2 diabetes.
Who Can Have Type 2 Diabetes Surgery?
The reason why only type 2 group patients have type 2 diabetes surgery is because they have insulin in their body. With the operation, the existing insulin can be used, and diabetes is eliminated. Type 1 diabetes patients do not have insulin at all. Therefore, surgery is out of the question for them.
In patients who will undergo type 2 diabetes surgery, the patient’s process related to this disease is examined before deciding on the operation. If the patient has been treated with diet and medication but has advanced diabetes, started to cause tissue and organ damage and the disease cannot be kept under control in any way, the only remaining method is surgical intervention.
What Risks Are in Type 2 Diabetes Surgery?
Risks in type 2 diabetes surgery are the same as in other ordinary digestive system surgeries. Infection, bleeding, clot, leakage, and reactions to anesthesia may occur, albeit with a low probability. In order to minimize the possible risks, the patient’s health condition should be evaluated well before the operation. It should be investigated whether there is an allergy to anesthesia or a condition that may prevent surgery.
How is the Post-Type 2 Diabetes Surgery Process?
With type 2 diabetes surgery, the patient whose insulin is secreted again and blood sugar returns to normal will not be as hungry as before and will experience loss of appetite. Over time, this situation will come under control and the patient’s nutrition will have a healthy routine. The patient who has type 2 diabetes surgery should take care to consume plenty of water after the operation. In particular, it is important that the patient, who becomes sluggish after loss of appetite, takes adequate fluids. After the operation, the nutritional status of the patient should be under the control of the physician for 6 months. In addition to this, the status of diabetes-related diseases (high blood pressure, cholesterol, organ damage…) should also be followed.