Obesity is a rapidly increasing health problem all over the world with questions such as what is Stomach Reduction, how is Stomach Reduction surgery performed, and what are its advantages and disadvantages? Obesity has become very common due to reasons such as increased consumption of fast food, malnutrition and inactivity. If individuals with obesity cannot lose weight despite diet and sports practices, they can apply to stomach reduction applications. With the development of technology, the number of applicants for gastric reduction surgery is increasing day by day.
What is Stomach Reduction?
If we talk about the answer to the question of what is stomach reduction?, Gastric reduction surgery, which is most preferred by people with obesity problems, is the cutting and removal of 80% of the stomach with the closed surgery method. As a result of this, The food intake of the stomach decreases and the person gets rid of the problem of obesity.
What are the Stomach Reduction Methods?
Stomach reduction methods applied by obesity surgery aim to provide a healthy and quality life by providing weight control to the patient. In order to prevent other diseases caused by obesity, many methods can be applied. The form of treatment is first planned according to the general health status of the patient and the degree of obesity, and then according to the patient’s preference among the remaining options. The treatment practices involved in obesity surgery are given below:
- Gastric Bypass Surgery
- Gastric Sleeve Surgery
- Gastric Balloon
- Stomach Botox
- Adjustable Gastric Band
Gastric Bypass Surgery: In gastric bypass surgery, which is usually performed as a closed surgery, another small stomach is created in the stomach, allowing food to pass through it. Remaining part continues to produce enzymes.
Gastric Sleeve Surgery: In this operation, which is performed laparoscopically (closed surgery), 80% of the stomach is removed by forming a thin long tube. Remained part is converted into a system that extends from the esophagus to the intestines.
Gastric Balloon: It is a non-surgical method. The volume of the stomach is reduced with the help of a liquid-filled balloon placed in the stomach endoscopically.
Adjustable Gastric Band: In the laparoscopic application, a silicone cuff and a balloon are placed at the entrance of the stomach just below it. In this way, the foods taken into the stomach pass more slowly and in a long time, allowing the feeling of fullness to last longer.
Who Can Have Stomach Reduction Surgries?
People over the age of 18 who are suitable for anesthesia can choose the appropriate operations according to their body mass index. Here, the degree of obesity of the patient is the determining factor. For example, surgical interventions are more effective in patients with a body mass index of 40 and above, while non-surgical methods may be preferred in patients with a body mass index of less than 40.
What Are the Preparations Made Before Stomach Reduction Operations?
Whether it is a surgical intervention or a non-surgical procedure, there are definitely some preparations before all of them. Of course, these preparations may vary depending on the type of operation to be performed. In general terms, an evaluation is made by the anesthesiologist at the first stage. Along with the possible risks of anesthesia, the presence of a condition that may prevent this in the general health status of the patient is investigated. Then, units such as cardiology, chest diseases and internal medicine perform examinations. After a comprehensive blood analysis, the condition of the esophagus, stomach and intestines is examined according to the operation to be performed.
If the patient does not have a condition that prevents the operation as a result of the preliminary evaluation, it is requested that some of the drugs used before the procedure be stopped. Before the operation, a special nutrition program is followed during the time period recommended by the physician. In this way, patients are prepared for the procedure to be performed.
What Risks Are in Stomach Reduction Operations?
There are some risks depending on the operation performed in surgeries or non-surgical procedures. Infection, bleeding, blood clotting, reactions due to anesthesia, respiratory distress, post-operative malnutrition, hypoglycemia, skin cracks and sagging due to weight loss, intestinal obstruction are likely to occur.
Discharge Process After Stomach Reduction
The patient’s health status is followed depending on the procedure. If the patient’s health is as expected, he or she is discharged within 1-5 days depending on the operation performed. The discharged patient is requested to comply with the recommendations of the doctor and the nutrition plan given by the dietitian. If the patient experiences discomfort after the procedure, if there are complaints such as hiccups, redness or swelling that do not go away, they should consult a physician without delay.
Pregnancy After Stomach Reduction
After stomach reduction operations, there is a weight loss process between 6 months and 2 years depending on the patient’s excess weight. This process should proceed under the control of a doctor and in the given diet. According to the health status of the person, there is no harm in pregnancy if the doctor’s approval is given.
Physical Activity After Stomach Reduction
All kinds of heavy physical activities should be avoided for 2-3 weeks after the procedure. Afterwards, activities such as walking at a light pace, swimming, pilates may be preferred for 2-3 months.
Stomach Reduction Advantages
Long-term desired weight loss is achieved permanently.
Intestinal and stomach system regulates.
Hormones return to normal.
With loss of appetite, the feeling of fullness prolongs.
A balanced and healthy diet is adopted.
Other diseases that may occur due to obesity are prevented.
Stomach Reduction Disadvantages
There may be some side effects after the surgery.
May experience loss of minerals, vitamins and protein.
Skin sagging may develop due to weight loss.
Depending on the operation, the tissue etc. cannot be replaced.