Gastric Bypass surgery, in other words stomach bypass surgery, is a type of operation that is used in obesity surgery and has successful results. In this surgery, the absorption of nutrients decreases due to the shortening of the path in the small intestine by reducing the stomach volume.
What is Gastric Bypass Surgery?
Generally, In this method, which is performed laparoscopically, that is, closed, the abdominal cavity is entered through 5 small incisions. A small stomach is created in the stomach, allowing food to pass through it. The remaining part is not removed from the body and continues to produce enzymes. Then the initial part of the small intestine is divided and connected to the newly created shrunken stomach. In this surgery, no part of the body is removed.
In this method, in which the volume of food taken is reduced, the intake of all the calories in the food content is prevented due to the fact that the consumed foods meet the pancreatic and bile fluids later than the normal time. After the surgery, weight control is provided with the recommended diet and exercise program.
To Whom Gastric Bypass Surgery Is Applied?
Successful results can be obtained with Gastric Bypass Surgery in obesity patients who cannot lose weight with diet and sports, who have insulin resistance and joint disorders in their body due to excess weight, and who has uncontroled type 2 diabetes.
How should I eat after gastric bypass surgery?
After the surgical intervention, under the control of a dietitian, in the first 6-8 weeks, nutrition is started with liquid and then pureed foods and normal food consumption is allowed in the following period. In the following 3-6 months, the patient’s health status and the new diet is passed over time. During this period, patients can take supplements such as vitamins, minerals and calcium.
What are the Tests Performed Before Gastric Bypass Surgery?
Before Gastric Bypass surgery, patients are evaluated with some tests. The tests performed are as follows:
- Blood and biochemistry tests
- Hormone tests
- Hepatitis tests
- Whole abdominal ultrasound
- Gastric endoscopy
- Lung X-ray
- Heart radiography (ECG)
- Lung breathing test
- Stress testing and electrocardiography if necessary
After all these tests, all necessary examinations and checks are carried out by anesthesia , internal medicine, cardiology, chest diseases and endocrine units specialists. By checking whether there is a condition that prevents the patient from undergoing surgery, a possible underlying disease that will cause weight gain after surgery is determined. The steps to be taken before and after the surgery are planned within the approval and recommendations of the experts.
Recovery Process After Gastric Bypass Surgery
Postoperative recovery depends on the type of surgery performed. What is meant here are open or closed surgeries. After laparoscopic i.e. closed surgeries, the recovery process is faster and easier. After the surgery, the patient can walk on his own and provide self-care. It is important that patients who can return to their physical activities in a short time stay away from heavy work. However, it is absolutely necessary to comply with the nutrition and post-operative treatment plan given during the recovery period.
Complications That May Occur After Gastric Bypass Surgery
As with any operation, complications are likely to occur after Gastric Bypass surgery. Disorders such as bleeding, intravascular coagulation, hernia, infection, lung closure, ulcer, intestinal obstruction and gallbladder stones may occur.